In 1880, Melbourne became the wealthiest city in the world after the Victorian Gold Rush with the motto of "Vires acquirit eundo," or “We gather strength as we go.”
In 1956, Melbourne was the first city in Australia -- outside of North America and the UK -- to host the Summer Olympics. Though, due to a quarantine, certain events had to be held in Sweden.
The UNESCO World Heritage site in Melbourne is called the Royal Exhibition Building where they held the inaugural Australian parliament in 1901.
The Melbourne Town Hall is at the corner of Swanston Street and Collins Street, where the first traffic lights in Australia were installed in 1912.
"Chloe" is the name of the world-famous painting that hangs in the Young and Jacksons hotel.
Up until 1985, it was legal to trade with a pirate. But the Crimes Act of that year outlawed it for Melbourne.
The world’s first feature film, "The Story of the Kelly Gang," was shot and created in Melbourne in 1906.
'Carols by Candlelight' is held at the Sidney Myer Music Bowl in Melbourne every Christmas.
The Bolte Bridge is the name of the large twin Cantilever structure that stretches over the Yarra River and Victoria Harbor. It is named after Victoria’s 38th and longest-serving Premier, Sir Henry Bolte.
The Doll Hospital, a place where dolls and teddy bears are taken for repair, opened for business in 1882 at the Royal Arcade in Melbourne. It still exists today, and the two mythical creatures on either side of the clock are named Gog and Magog.
A Melbourne native named James Freeland Leacock invented the first ute in 1929, a utility vehicle with a flatbed in the back.
The floral clock is in one of Melbourne's gardens called the Queen Victoria garden. This topiary timepiece is has moving hands surrounded by well-cultivated blossoms.
Melbourne has five international standard sporting facilities and hosts a variety of international games. AAMI Park is a sports stadium in Melbourne that has been nicknamed the 'Caterpillar,' and the Melbourne Cricket Ground is widely known as the most famous sports arena in Melbourne.
The Southern Cross Station used to be called the Spencer Street Station. There's also the original Flinders Street Station opened in 1854. The current building that's still stands was opened in 1910.
Queen Victoria Market has been operating in Melbourne since 1878. It's known as one of the biggest open-air markets in the world.
Check out the National Gallery of Victoria, founded in 1861. It's the oldest art museum in Australia. It's Great Hall has the most substantial stained glass ceiling in the world! It is 51m by 15m.
The term ‘call girl’ was actually coined in Melbourne in 1891. The city's brothels were some of the first to use a telephone system for ordering prostitutes.
The Birdman Rally, a competition where people fling themselves off the Swan Street Bridge in homemade flying apparatus, has been part of the Moomba Festival in Melbourne since 1976.
Melbourne is famous for giving a voice to those who need it. Did you know that Melbourne had the first-ever female Television host? Yup! The incredible Toni Lamond. Also, the first and only LGBT community radio station in Australia has been broadcasting since 1993 from Melbourne.
The first tram in Melbourne was actually a horse tram in Fairfield in 1884. It began the world's largest urban tramway network. And who can forget about the exciting Melbourne Cup race that started in 1861!